NORSOREX® APX

TECHNICAL PRODUCT BULLETIN #M-30
USEPA, OIL PROGRAM CENTER
LISTING DATE: APRIL 26, 2012
"NORSOREX® APX"

I. NAME, BRAND, OR TRADEMARK
NORSOREX® APX
Type of Product: Miscellaneous Oil Spill Control Agent — Solidifier
II. NAME, ADDRESS, AND TELEPHONE NUMBER OF MANUFACTURER/CONTACT
ASTROTECH Advanced Elastomerproducts GmbH.
Perfektastrasse 86
A-1230 Vienna
Austria, Europe
Office: 43-1-869-07-60-0
Phone: 43-664-100-8567
Fax: 43-1-869-07-60-10
E-mail: office@astrotech.at
Website: www.norsorex.at or www.astrotech.at
(Mr. Gerhard Karall, CEO)
III. NAME, ADDRESS, AND TELEPHONE NUMBER OF PRIMARY DISTRIBUTORS
Direct Sales
ASTROTECH Advanced Elastomerproducts GmbH.
Perfektastrasse 86
A-1230 Vienna
Austria, Europe
Office: 43-1-869-07-60-0
Phone: 43-664-100-8567
Fax: 43-1-869-07-60-10
E-mail: office@astrotech.at
Website: www.norsorex.at or www.astrotech.at
(Mr. Gerhard Karall, CEO)
IV. SPECIAL HANDLING AND WORKER PRECAUTIONS FOR STORAGE AND FIELD APPLICATION
1. Flammability: >174°F
2. Ventilation: Dust explosions are possible while handling organic powders at high concentrations. Therefore, provide proper air ventilation with fresh air or other methods to avoid dust formation. General dust limits (DE-TRGS 900): 3 mg/m3 (respirable dust fraction), 10 mg/m3 (inhalable dust fraction), short-term exposure value (TRGS 900, 2.3) – excess factor 4. For short-term exposure wear dust masks.
3. Skin and eye contact: protective covering; treatment in case of contact: Avoid contact to skin and eyes. Do not breathe dust. Wear protective goggles, gloves, and clothing. Following skin contact, wash with plenty of water and pH-neutral soap. Obtain medical attention if irradiation symptoms persist. Following eye contact, remove contact lenses immediately and rinse with plenty of water (also under the eyelids) for at least 15 minutes. Obtain medical attention. Following ingestion, remove all of product from the respiratory system and wash oral cavity. Drink 200–300 ml of water. Do not induce vomiting without medical advice. Obtain medical attention.

4.a. Maximum storage temperature: 45°C/113°F
4.b. Minimum storage temperature: -5°C/23°F
4.c. Optimum storage temperature range: -5°C to 30°C/23°F to 86°F
4.d. Temperatures of phase separations and chemical changes: The material composition does not change with the temperature (no phase separation). Chemical changes occur at temperatures >45°C/113°F with oxygen. The material changes from white to yellow and the absorption behavior decreases.
V. SHELF LIFE
Shelf life is 3 years from date of production. Keep material stored in original containers in a dark, dry area until use. The product should be used within 6 months after opening the original container.
VI. RECOMMENDED APPLICATION PROCEDURE

1. Application Method:
NORSOREX® APX is a special polymer with very high affinity for hydrocarbons and, since it is hydrophobic, it is also insoluble in water. NORSOREX® APX can be used in free powder or pad form (sealed bags containing the powder). NORSOREX® APX powder can bond to a variety of liquid hydrocarbons in two stages. First, due to the fast absorption process further oil spreading is prevented (forming of a gel). Second, the oil solidifies to a non-leaching inert, firm cohesive "rubber-like" mass within a few hours, which can be easily collected and burned, disposed of or used for other purposes (e.g., rubber industry in a full green recycle process). It is a combination of an adsorption and absorption process.

Use NORSOREX® APX powder or pads by estimating the hydrocarbon quantity and checking with the application chart to individuate the necessary quantity. The suggestion to optimize the usage is to keep ratio values of NORSOREX® APX to hydrocarbon as close as possible to the application chart. If possible, use pretests to test the process. Deploy NORSOREX® APX in the environment where there is hydrocarbon to be removed or recovered. NORSOREX® APX can be applied by hand or through mechanical spreading. According to the desired performance, wait the necessary reaction time. Reaction takes place within minutes and it reaches 80 percent of its efficiency after only a few hours. Maximum efficiency (100 percent) can be reached in less than 24 hours. Once NORSOREX® APX has reacted, it is possible to recover the hydrocarbon in solid form.

2. Concentration/Application Rate:

Type of Hydrocarbon (HC) kgHC/kgAPX kgAPX/kgHC kgAPX/m3HC LHC/LAPX LAPX/LHC
Benzene 23.0 0.043 38.1 9.189 0.109
Toluene 18.0 0.056 48.2 7.267 0.138
Hexane 4.2 0.238 155.9 2.245 0.445
Heptane 5.0 0.200 135.9 2.575 0.388
Cyclorhexane 6.8 0.147 114.6 3.055 0.327
Dichloromethane/Methylene chloride 18.0 0.056 73.9 4.737 0.211
Chloroform 26.0 0.038 57.0 6.136 0.163
Trichloroethane/Trichloroethylene 31.8 0.031 45.9 7.623 0.131
Tetrachloroethene/Trichloroethylene 31.0 0.032 52.3 6.689 0.149
1,2-Dichlorobenze 27.4 0.036 47.4 7.377 0.136
Pyralene 60 (60% PCB/40%TCB) 36.4 0.027 39.3 8.909 0.112
Pyralene 78 (78% PCB/22% TCB) 28.8 0.035 52.4 6.675 0.150
Diethyl glycol 2.7 0.370 3.11.1 1.125 0.889
Diocytlphthalate 2.8 0.357 353.9 0.990 1.010
Heavy Crude Oil A 12.0 0.083 75.0 4.667 0.214
Heavy Crude Oil B 9.0 0.111 88.9 3.938 0.254
Light Crude Oil 9.5 0.105 88.4 3.958 0.253
Kerosene 10.2 0.098 79.4 4.407 0.227
Diesel 10.0 0.100 82.3 4.253 0.235
Aromatic Process Oils 8.3 0.120 120.5 2.905 0.344
Naphthenic Process Oils 8.3 0.120 108.4 3.228 0.310
Paraffinic Process Oils 4.0 0.250 217.5 1.609 0.621
Refrigerator Oils 10.7 0.093 81.3 4.305 0.232
Turbine Oils 4.3 0.233 209.3 1.672 0.598
Machine Oils 4.5 0.222 200.0 1.750 0.571
Motor Oils 3.8 0.263 228.9 1.529 0.654
Vegetable Oils 2.7 0.370 337.0 1.038 0.963

HC – Hydrocarbon
APX – NORSOREX® APX
kgxx – Kilogram of xx
M3xx – Cubic meters of xx
Lxx – Liter of xx
kgAPX./m3HC – Kilograms of NORSOREX® APX per cubic meter of hydrocarbon

Bulk density of NORSOREX® APX powder: 0.35 g/cm3
The results are tested at room temperature (23°C/73°F) and most substrates show an improvement of 10 until 15% at 40°C. The best performance is achieved at 60°C with an improvement of about 30%. At higher temperatures the effect of improvement falls and over 100°C significant.

3. Conditions for Use:
To recover the solidified NORSOREX® APX from the environment, mechanically collect the material and transport it to the nearest designated disposal location. NORSOREX® APX has the capability of 3.5 bar of pressure before it will start leaking. Do not discharge into drains, surface waters, or ground waters. NORSOREX® APX is not biodegradable. The resulting “rubber-like” material could still be hazardous so extreme caution should be exercised when handling these materials. Very polar substances such as organic acides, alcohols or glycols show a reduced absorption efficiency of the product. THe water temperature has an influence on the reaction time. Cold water slows down the solidification process. The ages of pollutants only have an influence on the absorption performance if their viscosity or polarity are increased to the typical values for the "fresh" pollutant.

Avoid damage to NORSOREX® APX pads if the application environment is characterized by rough water. This will ensure the easiest deployment and recovery procedure. If allowed by current regulations and if properly contained, the free powder form is recommended to optimize the contact interface between NORSOREX® APX and the liquid hydrocarbon.

VII. TOXICITY AND EFFECTIVENESS
a. Toxicity:
Material Tested Species LC50 (ppm)
NORSOREX® APX Menidia beryllina
Mysidopsis bahia
>100,000.00 96-hr
>100,000.00 48-hr
No. 2 Fuel Oil Menidia beryllina
Mysidopsis bahia
15.10 96-hr
2.41 48-hr
NORSOREX® APX &
No. 2 Fuel Oil (1:10)
Menidia beryllina
Mysidopsis bahia
39.80 96-hr
3.06 48-hr
Reference Toxicant (DSS) Menidia beryllina
Mysidopsis bahia
2.01 96-hr
6.63 48-hr

b. Effectiveness:
NA

VIII. MICROBIOLOGICAL ANALYSIS
NA
IX. PHYSICAL PROPERTIES

1. Flash Point: 174ºF
2. Pour Point: NA
3. Viscosity: NA
4. Specific Gravity: 0.91047 at 60ºF
5. pH: 7.10
6. Surface Active Agents: Polynorbornene
7. Solvents: NA
8. Additives: Phenolic antioxidant, flow agent
9. Solubility in Water: Insoluble in water

X. ANALYSIS FOR HEAVY METALS, CYANIDE, AND CHLORINATED HYDROCARBONS
Compound Concentration (ppm)
Arsenic ND
Cadmium ND
Chromium 0.40
Copper 0.14
Lead ND
Mercury 0.011
Nickel ND
Zinc 55.40
Cyanide 0.222
Chlorinated Hydrocarbons ND

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