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Criminal Enforcement Policy, Guidance and Publications
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Environmental Crimes Case Bulletins
Monthly bulletins summarize publicized investigative activity and adjudicated cases by EPA's Criminal Enforcement special agents, forensic specialists, and legal support staff.
Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations, Volume 1, Issue 3, July 2013
Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations (CAFOs) are a subset of livestock and poultry Animal Feeding Operations (AFOs) that meet the regulatory thresholds of number of animals for various animal types. These operations generate significant volumes of animal waste which, if improperly managed, can result in environmental and human health risks such as water quality impairment, fish kills, algal blooms, contamination of drinking water sources, and transmission of disease‐causing bacteria and parasites associated with food and waterborne diseases.
False Vehicle Emissions, Volume 1, Issue 2, Nov. 2011
Fraudulent vehicle emissions test schemes have been around for many years but have been difficult to detect and enforce against because inspectors had to be "caught in the act." New vehicle testing technology makes inspection fraud easier to detect and spurs increased EPA Criminal Enforcement.
Lead Based Paint, Volume 1, Issue 1, Sept. 2011
Exposure to lead based paint endangers the health of all citizens, but especially young children. The cases included in this enforcement alert involve licensed inspectors and building managers who failed to meet their responsibilities under lead based paint regulations.
Policies and Guidance
The Exercise of Investigative Discretion, January 12, 1994.
Authored by: Earl E. Devaney, Director of Criminal Enforcement.
This document establishes case selection criteria for cases investigated by EPA's Office of Criminal Enforcement, Criminal Investigation Division.
OECA Parallel Proceeding Policy, September 24, 2007.
This policy reaffirms and clarifies the earlier policies, while adding procedural mechanisms to enhance effective communications between the Agency's civil and criminal enforcement programs.
Compliance-Focused Environmental Management System - Enforcement Agreement Guidance, June 2005
This document presents key elements for a compliance focused EMS and how these elements may be incorporated into environmental enforcement investigations
Process-Base investigation Guide, March, 1997 - EPA-330/9-97-001
This guide provides information on process-based investigations.
- Management Review of the Office of Criminal Enforcement, Forensics and Training
A management review of the Office of Criminal Enforcement, Forensics and Training (OCEFT), which was intended to analyze the management practices of the office and to recommend improvements that would further the mission of the organization.
Pamphlets and Brochures:
Criminal Enforcement Pamphlets and Brochures: These 5 documents provide background information on the criminal enforcement program and the National Enforcement Investigations Center (NEIC).
Environmental Criminal Forensics – Tri-Annual Interpol Forensics Conferences
- Guidelines and Resources for Conducting An Environmental Crime Investigation in the United States; Environmental Forensics (2002) 3, 91-113 Exit
- Environmental Crime; 14th International Forensic Science Symposium (2004)
- Environmental Crime; 15th International Forensic Science Symposium (2007)
- Environmental Crime: 16th International Forensics Science Symposium (2010)
International Network for Environmental Compliance and Enforcement Conference
- Case Studies: Use of Remote Sensing and Other Investigatory Techniques; Lubieniecki; 8th International Conference on Environmental Compliance and Enforcement, Cape Town, South Africa, 2009 Exit
- Laboratory Analysis of Catalytic Converters Leads to Better Enforcement Results; Smith, Suggs, Isin; 9th International Conference on Environmental Compliance and Enforcement, Whistler, British Columbia, 2011 Exit
- Port of Huntington Geographic Enforcement/Compliance Initiative: A Case Study in Inter- and Intra-Agency Cooperation; Lubieniecki; 9th International Conference on Environmental Compliance and Enforcement, Whistler, British Columbia, 2011 Exit