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International Cooperation

EPA Collaboration with India

EPA has had a long history of environmental cooperation with India.  This collaboration has covered a wide range of topics and supported environmental outcomes from improved air quality to enhanced enforcement capacity.  Today. we continue to partner with India  through regional working groups and environmental efforts which support the mutual interests of both of our countries.  EPA’s collaboration with India advances EPA’s international priorities.

Explore our work in India: 

April 2014: Publication of Hazardous Waste Enforcement Handbook

In April 2014, the Environmental Law Institute (ELI) and National Law School of India University (NLSIU) published a handbook titled “Enforcing Hazardous Wastes Rules in India:  Strategies and Techniques for Achieving Increased Compliance.”  

This handbook can be used as a tool for officials in India who are seeking to increase local compliance with hazardous waste rules.  It was primarily funded through a cooperative agreement between EPA and ELI.  

August 2013 Study Tour

Officials from India's State Pollution Control Boards in Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat and Karnataka traveled to the U.S. in August 2013 to learn more about the legal aspects of hazardous waste management. Topics included:

  • corrective action under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA),
  • RCRA regulatory enforcement,
  • best practices for inspections related to hazardous waste, and
  • regulation of hazardous waste combustion in cement kilns.

The study tour was organized through a cooperative agreement between EPA and the Environmental Law Institute.Exit The delegation had the opportunity to learn from experts from a number of sectors and made site visits in Maryland and Pennsylvania. 

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Building Strong Institutions and Legal Structures

a boy pouring out water from a bucket
More than 230 million people lack access to potable water in India.

EPA has engaged with India’s Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF) to cooperate on building strong environmental institutional structures.

Through a training workshop to State Pollution Control Boards in January 2011, EPA has also provided enforcement tools and concepts that can be applicable in the Indian context.

Combating Climate Change by Limiting Pollutants

India is a charter member of the Global Methane Initiative.Exit  In March 2010, New Delhi was the host of the highly successful GMI (at that time, known as Methane to Markets) Partnership Expo,Exit  the world’s largest international forum for promoting methane recovery and use opportunities and technologies. 

India currently participates in four of the five sectors of the GMI (agriculture, coal, landfills and oil & gas) and co-chairs two  of these sector subcommittees (agriculture and coal). Through the Global Methane Initiative (GMI), EPA has provided 11 grants for work in methane reduction activities in India and has worked closely with nodal Indian ministries to help facilitate new methane projects in all sectors in India. 

Additional information on India’s activities under GMI.Exit


Improving Air Quality

a congested street scene in India
Increased congestion and dependence on vehicles in India lead to reduced air quality.

From 2003 to 2010, EPA engaged with India to support science-based air pollution control strategies in Indian cities. With the cooperation of MoEF, the State of Maharashtra, the Municipality of Pune, as well as a number of other partners, EPA has helped demonstrate technologies which can assist decision makers in developing policies aimed at reducing air pollution. 

These technologies include the tools and concepts used in air quality management, as well as demonstrations for reducing vehicle emissions from diesel buses and two-cycle engines. 


Expanding Access to Clean Water

From 2006 to 2008, EPA engaged with India to improve drinking water quality monitoring. EPA has also partnered with the Indian government to demonstrate risk assessment and management tools to make drinking water safer for human consumption.

Reduce Exposure to Toxic Chemicals

Through a cooperative agreement with the Environmental Law Institute, EPA has worked with officials in India to improve hazardous waste management. This cooperation focuses on enforcement of hazardous waste laws and complements national initiatives in India to address contaminated sites.  

In addition, EPA provides technical expertise to the Working Group on Remediation for Soil and Groundwater Pollution of the Asia-Pacific Region,Exit in which India participates. 


Cleaning Up E-Waste

India participates in the International E-Waste Management Network (IEMN), which enables environmental officials from around the world to directly exchange best practices related to e-waste management. Through its participation in the network, officials from India have shared the country’s experiences related to e-waste management, learned from officials across the region, and participated in workshops on e-waste management in the U.S. and Taiwan.



Learn More About India

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For additional information about EPA's work with India, contact:
Mark Kasman
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Office of International and Tribal Affairs (2670R)
1200 Pennsylvania Ave., NW
Washington, DC 20460
E-mail: kasman.mark@epa.gov
(202) 564-2024