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U.S.-Japan Agreement on Cooperation in Environmental Protection
The U.S.-Japan Agreement on Cooperation in Environmental Protection was signed in Washington, D.C., on August 5, 1975. Since the initiation of implementation of the Agreement, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has been the Executive Agency on the U.S. side, and the Environment Ministry (previously Agency) of Japan is EPA's counterpart.
The Agreement pledges the governments of the two countries will maintain and promote cooperation in the field of environmental protection on the basis of equality, reciprocity, and mutual benefit, through such instruments of technical cooperation as:
- meetings of working-level experts;
- visits and exchanges of scientists, technicians and other experts;
- implementation of agreed-upon cooperative projects;
- and exchange of information and data on research activities, policies, practices, legislation and regulations, and analysis of operating programs.
The areas of cooperation described in the agreement include:
- air pollution control (mobile and stationary sources);
- water pollution including municipal and industrial wastewater treatment, and marine pollution;
- control of agricultural runoff and pesticide control;
- control and disposal of toxic substances;
- endocrine disrupting chemicals; and
- global climate change.