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The National Lead Laboratory Accreditation Program (NLLAP)
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What is NLLAP?
EPA has established the National Lead Laboratory Accreditation Program (NLLAP) to recognize laboratories that demonstrate the ability to accurately analyze paint chip, dust, or soil samples for lead. Fixed-site laboratories, mobile laboratories, and testing firms that operate portable equipment are all eligible to obtain EPA recognition through the NLLAP. An organization may choose to be recognized for one, two, or all three of the sample types (paint chips, dust, and soil) in the NLLAP.
When Must Samples Be Analyzed by a Laboratory Recognized by EPA?
In states and tribal lands where EPA is operating a federal Lead-Based Paint Activity program, any dust samples collected in a risk assessment, lead hazard screen, or clearance after a lead abatement must be analyzed by a laboratory or testing firm recognized by EPA under the National Lead Laboratory Accreditation Program (NLLAP).
In many states or tribal lands where the state or tribe is operating an EPA-authorized program, the same requirement for analysis of dust samples by an NLLAP-recognized laboratory or testing firm is in place. However, a state or tribe may have testing regulations that differ from the EPA requirements, even though the overall program is authorized by EPA. To be sure what the requirements are, check with the state or tribal program where you want to do sampling. For information on whether your state or tribe has a federal Lead-Based paint Activity program or a EPA-authorized state/tribal program, access the most current state and tribal authorization map (PDF) or call the National Lead Information Center at 1-800-424-LEAD(5323).
It is possible for a city or other local government to have its own additional regulations, so check in your locality as well for any testing requirements.
How Does NLLAP Work?
NLLAP provides the public with a list of laboratories that have met EPA requirements and demonstrated the capability to accurately analyze paint chips, dust, or soil samples for lead. All laboratories recognized by NLLAP are required to undergo on-site audits conducted by accrediting organizations participating in the NLLAP, and to perform successfully on a continuing basis in the Environmental Lead Proficiency Analytical Testing (ELPAT) Program. ELPAT is a laboratory performance proficiency testing program mandated by the American Industrial Hygiene Association (AIHA).
EPA currently recognizes five organizations as accrediting bodies for the NLLAP that accredit laboratories for lead sample analysis. They are:
- American Industrial Hygiene Association Laboratory Accreditation Programs, LLC (AIHA LAP, LLC) Exit
- American Association for Laboratory Accreditation (A2LA) Exit
- Perry Johnson Laboratory Accreditation, Inc. (PJLA) Exit
- ANSI-ASQ National Accreditation Board/ACLASS Exit
- Laboratory Accreditation Bureau Exit
To apply for accreditation as a lead sample analysis laboratory under the NLLAP, contact one of these five accrediting bodies.
A current list of NLLAP laboratories can be obtained from the monthly NLLAP list. A current list can also be obtained by calling the National Lead Information Center at 1-800-424-LEAD(5323).
Laboratories and other testing firms on the NLLAP list follow the Laboratory Quality System Requirements (LQSR), version 3 (PDF) developed by EPA. The LQSR identifies the minimum requirements for use by accreditation organizations when evaluating laboratories performing environmental testing activities under NLLAP. It is based on requirements of the International Organization for Standardization and International Electrochemical Commission (ISO/IEC) Standard 17025:2005(E), "General requirements for the competence of testing and calibration laboratories."
Other organizations, including states, may apply to EPA to enter into a Memorandum of Understanding with EPA to become accrediting organizations in the NLLAP. EPA has developed a Model Memorandum of Understanding (PDF) for other potential NLLAP accrediting organizations.
What Other Information is Available on the NLLAP?
Other reports and documents related to the NLLAP are listed below. These can be obtained by following the links below and accessing the documents on-line.
[NLIC # 376] Selecting a Laboratory for Lead Analysis: The EPA National Lead Laboratory Accreditation Program (PDF) , April 1999 (EPA 747-F-99-002)
[NLIC # 371]Pb-Based Paint Laboratory Operations Guidelines: Analysis of Pb in Paint, Dust, and Soil, Revision 1.0 (PDF) , May 1993 (EPA 747-R-92-006).
[NLIC # 373]Survey of State Lead Laboratory Accreditation Programs (PDF) November 1996 (EPA 747-R-96-010).
[NLIC # 377]Laboratory Accreditation Program Guidelines: Measurement of Lead in Paint, Dust, and Soil (PDF) , March 1992 (EPA 747-R-92-001)
Pb-Based Paint Laboratory Accreditation: Curricula Recommendations for Assessor Training Programs, Revision 1.0 (PDF) , May 1993 (EPA 747-R-92-005). [Can be ordered by contacting the National Technical Information Service (NTIS) at 800-553-NTIS (6847) and ordering NTIS document number PB2001-105348.]
[NLIC # 369] National Lead Laboratory Accreditation Program: Double-Blind Proficiency Testing Pilot Study (PDF) , March 2001 (EPA 747-R-01-004)