Ocean Dumping Management
The Marine Protection, Research and Sanctuaries Act (MPRSA), also known as the Ocean Dumping Act, regulates the transportation and dumping of any material into ocean waters. The MPRSA prohibits or restricts ocean dumping that would adversely affect human health, welfare, amenities, the marine environment, ecological systems or economic potentialities. Generally, ocean dumping cannot occur unless a permit is issued under the MPRSA.
EPA’s Ocean Dumping Management Program has worked to protect human health and the marine environment, and to prevent adverse impacts to other legitimate uses of the sea (e.g., navigation and fishing) from pollution caused by ocean dumping. The Ocean Dumping Management Program has stopped the ocean dumping of many harmful materials and has worked to control ocean dumping through permits since the enactment of the MPRSA in 1972.